The "Jeongjagak(丁字閣, T shaped building)" was important building from Goryeo Dynasty to Joseon Dynasty. For long period, the scale and form of the building had been changing bit by bit. The change of building results from the function. As the Jeongjagak accepted the functions of the Yeongakjeon(靈幄殿), there appeared changes of plane. The main function of Yeongakjeon was suppling space for the dead king's coffin. The Yeongakjeon was not built in the first year of King Sukjong(1674). At that time, the Jeongjagak was responsible for the function of the Yeongakjeon as an alternative. Starting from this, the Jeongjagak was used as space for the dead king's coffin. Because the coffin should place on from south to north, it demanded long inner space in south-north direction. Therefore the effort to make enough length in south-north direction was begun from the first year of King Sukjong(1674). In order to solve the problem, the Toigu(退構) was made from the reign of King Sukjong to the 28th year King Youngjo(1852). The Toigu was temporary inner space which was made in one compartment at the Baewichung(拜位廳, the part of the Jeongjagak). But the length of the Jeongjagak's south-north direction was reduced to 61.8m(20尺6寸) at the 33th year of King Youngjo(1857) when the 『Gukjosangryebopyon(國朝喪禮補編)』 was completed. Also it extended to 84m(28尺) during the reign of King Jeongjo(1774～1800). Following these process of extension and reduction, the length was standardized as 72m(24尺) at the reign of King Sunjo(1800～1834). These facts explains that the main cause of plane change at the Jeongjagak was acceptance of functions that was used as space for the dead king's coffin. Also, the important points of change at the Jeongjagak were the first year of King Sukjong, the 33th year of King Youngjo and the first year of King Sunjo. When it was the first year of King Sukjong and the 33th year of King Youngjo, there were two national funerals. Because of concern about the increasing labor and tax of the nation, the scale of the Jeongjagak was changed to decreasing size. Due to the improvement of drawings and annotation on a Eugwe(儀軌) at the first year of King Sunjo, the size of Jeongjagak was standardized.
Louis I. Kahn is cleary one of 20th century great architects. The character of his philosophy of architecture can be condensed as simple words; Architectural Essence, because the very nature of his work based on historicity is so fundamental. Some contemporary architects and architectural critics regard it as a symbol of Post-Modern Architecture era expressing relative multiplicity or an expression of Heideggerian existentialism, but others do as the attribute of fundamentalist like absolute Plato's Idea. Comparing the former, studies of the latter theme have been executed superficially and somewhat biasedly for last decades. In the context, this paper attempt to reanalyze Kahn's idea of ‘Architectural Essence’ with the deep view of Platonist focused on the concept of binary opposition and causality.
Since the 1970's, UNESCO and ICOMOS have adopted or emphasized on the principles of historic preservation. One of them is what to require a repair have not to be repaired beyond the limits of the features and techniques to have been born in those days of establishment. On the premise, this paper is to examine the materials and technique of lime plaster work in order for roof ridge, and for bond paste of stones and bricks in government constructions in the late of Joseon dynasty(17〜19c). The result of this examination will come up with a basic conformity in the case of repairing the building established in the late of Joseon dynasty. This paper is carried out for the proper repair and restoration of architectural cultural properties. Construction reports and other documents in those days are examined for the study. Following conclusions have been reached through the study. The components of old plaster mixtures which agglutinate stones each other were quicklime, perilla oil, and paper fiber. The components of old plaster mixtures which point joint of black bricks consisted of slaked lime, perilla oil, paper fiber, and cereal starch. These components were the same as coat surface of roof ridges. In the case of times, one of the following sand, white clay, sap of boiled elm bark was added to these components for the purpose of high efficiency. These materials and techniques which applied to plaster work of those buildings had developed in the process of making royal tombs. But these materials and techniques were quite different from the present.
The study is on the analysis of Adalberto Libera's works, which are those of the competition works for international congress hall in 'E42'. I exerted a conclusion from analysis and studies of congress palace as well as informed data about architect Libera and uninformed original sketch of it. 1. Through analysis of original sketch data in possession of archives of paris Centre Pompidue and relevant sketch from the works, Libera adopts the modern architecture of Italy to the formalization process of concept as one of architectural methods. 2.In contrast to the way of elucidation of historicity of classicism architect, Libera's initial sketch is one of the traits from modernist's architectural concept process. Libera completes his architectural style to have developed new architecture vocabulary from 'Floating transparent box' which was result from intuition and imagination. 3. By comparing all the first plan, the second plan and constructed project, we can infer that Libera's plan was influenced by E42's classicism urban environment and masterplanner Piacentini. In addition, through historicity explanation method of modernist, it is adjudicated that the front side of facade with classism and the back side of facade with modern are partially accepted. 4. By analysing architectural concept's formalization process from original sketch of Congress palace, outstanding architect of Italian Fascism architecture, it provided new methods of architectural programming with the concrete examples.