In the 1930s, The Architectural Association of Joseon run the ‘Architectural Material Display’ on the 2nd floor of the Japan Life Insurance Building in Hwanggumjeong(currently Euljiro street). The purpose of this place was to introduce new architectural materials to builders. And they issued a 『建築資料型錄(Architectural Material Catalog)』and distributed it free of charge so that people in districts at long distances can make use of it. This catalog contains descriptions, photographs and drawings of various architectural materials that were common at the time, and the overseas branch address of the store is stated. The purpose of this research is to investigate the type and characteristics of architectural materials distributed in Northeast Asia around the 1930s, the region of sale, affiliated companies by closely analyzing the 『建築資料型錄』.
As a result of reviewing various documents and existing researches, since the late Goryeo period, the most active period in the Ondol(溫突, Korean floor heating system) facilities is the 17th century. The phenomenological reason was recovering the buildings destroyed by the Japanese Invasion of Korea in 1592(壬辰倭亂]) & the Manchu War of 1636(丙子胡亂), but the underlying cause was an abnormal climate in which a pair of summer and winter cold continued.
In the 17th century, as the Ondol facilities grew rapidly without distinction between regions and classes, the supply and demand of fuel caused economic and natural environmental problems. And a negative and positive view on Ondol was suggested. Since the middle of the 18th century, when the demand and supply of Ondol reached its peak, which could no longer increase, a new awareness of Ondol began to grow. The room was called the Panbang(板房)and the Ondol, depending on the material that made up the floor. It was considered natural to have the Ondol from this time on. The Incan(□火間) and Jo(竈) that were made to burn were started to be recorded as a kitchen, regardless of size and function.
Changes in social awareness of Ondol have led to concerns about heating efficiency. A variety of architectural explorations were conducted. Such a search was later realized in concrete architectural form. There is a double Ondoll structure, and the column spacing is reduced compared to the previous one. The heat buffer space is formed around the Ondol room, and the double window can control the light and the air going in and out.
This study aims to reinterpret Jeonggwanheon(靜觀軒) in terms of its use and architectural style after restoration work through the recently discovered [Deoksugung Palace's original plan](1915). It is presupposed that the existing interpretation of Jeonggwanheon, such as its status as the banquet hall of the Imperial Empire and the place where Emperor Gojong enjoyed coffee here, was a fantasy made from the transformation after the 1930s. When it was built around 1900, Jeonggwanheon arranged small and large rooms around the corridor in the center, and the porch surrounded the three sides of the building. From 1900 to 1907, there is no remaining record telling us who did what or when something happened in Jeonggwanheon except for several portraits of Emperor Gojong and his son which were drawn in 1902. The mixed use of brickwork and wooden porch are found in many of American style houses built in Incheon and Seoul at that time. Especially, the style and decoration of wooden porch seem to be influenced by Queen Anne style in the 19th century in America.
This paper aims at researching on the substantial characters of the memorial address, namely the mookseo-myeongs(墨書銘), written at the members of the wooden buildings in the late period of Goryeo Dynasty and the early period of JoseonDynasty. In this paper, I pursued to declare the systematic origins by the comparison the Buddhist buildings with the other buildings, on the focused the written patterns. Furthermore, I tried to examine the transitional trends in the late period of Joseon Dynasty. The results are as follow:
First, it is supposed that the mookseo-myeongs of the Buddhist buildings were not used for the a memorial address for the ceremony of putting up the ridge beam, so to speak the sangryang-muns(上樑文), but the prayer address(發願文) to memorize the donations of the believers for the constructions.
Second, it is supposed that ‘the short sangryang-muns’ were originated in the mookseo-myeongs of Buddhist buildings and the other ancient prayer address. In the late period of JoseonDynasty, those were established in the formal literary styles.
Third, to the early period of JoseonDynasty, ‘the long sangryang-muns’ were partially used in the several royal palaces. In the late, those were widely used not only in the royal palaces but also in Buddhist buildings, but those literary patterns were rarely changed from the former types.
The detailed names and meanings of Korean stone pagodas have not yet been properly studied or clearly defined. Therefore, an aim of this report is to compare the detailed names of Korean, Chinese, and Japanese stone pagodas by focusing on content used previously by Ko and his students and content that is currently in use (i.e., since the Japanese colonial era). Additional objectives are to assess the significance of these names and propose an appropriate detailed draft regarding names of stone pagodas.
The discussion will proceed by dividing the stone pagoda into three parts: the podium, main structure, and finial. First, the content in Luo Zhewen(羅哲文)’s “Ancient pagodas in China(中國古塔)” (1985) is considered; then, “朝鮮の石塔” (1943)—published by during the Japanese colonial era—is explored. The thesis written by Yu-Seop Ko regarding Korea’s first stone pagoda and the content in “A Study of Korean Pagodas(朝鮮塔婆의 硏究)” (1948), which contains Yu-Seop Ko’s posthumous works published in book form by his student Su-Yeong Hwang, Heu-Kyoung Kim are examined. to pagodas that are used today, are compared and reviewed.
Since Korea, China, and Japan influence each other, pagoda-related terms are shared to some extent. In this study, these were applied to stone pagodas, and names used thus far that have not drawn criticism were studied and proposed as suitable alternatives.
Gosan(孤山) Yun Seon-do is a literary artist and poet, Nogudang House(綠雨堂) is an invisible space composition a □-type of arrangement in Jeollanam-do. The study of related architecture together with Gosan Yun Seon-do has been studied variously early, Mostly, the study of the life of Haenam Yun clan(海南尹氏) and the life of Gosan Yun Seon-do. In this study, HaeNam Yun compares the houses under the roof of the public house centered on buildings. In this study, we compare and analyze Nogudang House and Gongjae Historic House(恭齋古宅), Yun Cheol-ha's Historic House(尹哲夏古宅) in the Haenam Yun clan's house building. Analyze the characteristics of architecture and analyze changes in space usage and components and settlement process. The purpose of this study is to clarify differences in structural features and to analyze what structural characteristics maintain structural characteristics. In the comparative analysis process, architectural characteristics are used as variables and each correlation is investigated, and shape difference is analyzed by difference analysis. In addition, the architectural characteristics are analyzed by analyzing the relational factors influencing the morphological change, focusing on the results of the analysis of differences between the comparative analysis objects.