This study considers the proper repair techniques by examining the most representative repair cases of the Korean arch bridges and proposes the constructional manual which can apply similar occasions. The cases are Seonamsa Seungseongyo and Songgwangsa Geukrockgyo where this researcher had taken part in the repair works. This Study proposes the maintenance construction manual about the performance degradation drew by performance degradation of the both Korean arch bridges in the maintenance process. First, arch bridge maintenance should be carried out in the dry season, when water is impermeable in the bottom surface of the bridge. Moreover, risk factors of the maintenance should be excluded to secure the water vally flow, the bypass and the temporary bridge. Second, prior to repair, it has to precede ①3D shooting ② formal examination ③structure safety test ④geological and lithic surveys ⑤arch curvature establishment and makeshift frame settlement before transformation ⑥relationship expert comments. Third, if the baduk and the foundation stones are inevitable to replace due to performance degradation on the foundation, it should use the high quality stones and secure greater stress by extending the standard range. The foundation on irregular rock needs to be flattened and underside on the replaced materials require Grengyijil to deliver the equal loads. Fourth, In the process of dismantling the stones of the arched bridge, it could make heavy weathering degree and not reuse the materials. Charge should converge the expert advices to choose the reuseable, the conservate and the alternative materials, and increase the reutilization of the raw materials by preservation and reinforcement treatments. Fifth, the side wall should be repaired by the rubble work technique which is not able to pile compost satiety, so it must use long depth of masonary stones for reinforcement. It is considered to reinforce the stone wall in shore as much as possible and protect the abutment and the side wall on the upstream for the arch bridge maintenance works.
The paper analyzed the excavational data from Bupyeong-office in Ulsan county in Chosun Dynasty, examined the composition of the community estimated at station community, and studied the duration of the community by using the excavated relics. In addition, the paper compared the excavational data with documentary records, studied the location Bupyeong-office, and investigated the size of station community overall. Community compositions such as buildings, residential place, pits, stoves, hemp kilns, cremation tombs, and farming appliances were identified. When compared to excavated relics such as tiles, white porcelain jars, agrayish-blue-powdered celadons, and celadon porcelains from building, residance, and pits, the community existed during 14C～17C. The station location was on the west side to the quarters for Byongmajuldosa of the Left Gyeongsangdo at King's location according to the old maps and documentary records. It is widely expected that No, 201 foundation stone buildings at Pyungsan relicⅠ was related to the station because there was a distinctions on the stone pillar waterway and high quality of location in the size(the front 9 sections × the side 1 section) and the community. According to the building's functions and duplication relations in the community, it is regarded that there were 33～40 ground buildings, 40～45 pitting buildings, storages or 15～30 other purpose buildings, and 5～7 public buildings around No, 210 building in Bupyeong-office town.
Formative and structural characteristics of stone pagoda in Jeonnam area are known in largely two flows. One is that characteristic of stone pagoda in Jeonnam area of the Unified Silla is shown in eastern Jeonnam and some southern Jeonnam. But it is not shown in surroundings of Yeongsan river. Another is that besides stone pagoda in Silla style where social aspects of Goryeo are reflected, stone pagoda in Baekje style appeared. On the other hand, stone brick pagoda and non-typical stone pagoda appeared. These stone pagodas were developed mainly in north and west of Jeonnam, and could be classified in pure Baekje style and a cross style according to formative and structural characteristics. Stone brick pagoda is extant in Wolnamsa site and Woonjusa in Chungcheong and Jella areas which are old places of Baekje.
Architecture is a product of numerous influences, as shown in the apprenticeships of Kim, Jung-Up and Kim, Swoo-Geun with Le Corbusier’s influences. Therefore, its identity is need to be re-defined based on such complex relationships. The rhetorical images of ‘the Map of Misreading’, as the core of the poetic identification proposed by Harold Bloom’s ‘the Theory of Influence’, provide an efficient way of explaining the relations between architectural apprenticeships and identities. This research is to re-build a new methodology of architectural criticism based on it. The diachronic transformations of the architecture of Seung, Hyo-Sang also had very characteristic ‘revisionary ratios’ about his precursor Kim, Swoo-Geun. As an antithetic stance of his precursor’s final phase, his early days works pursued continuously geometric abstraction and objective images of the architecture of Adolf Loos. However, his recent works are showing the obvious symptoms of regression to his origins. Finally, the architectural identity should be re-conceptualized as a complexity, based on inter-textuality from complex influences. This new architectural identity can be reflected into the modern obsessive identity.