As cholesterol intake increases, the prevalence of hypercholesterolemia is also increasing. With increasing food selection considering health, consumption of functional foods that can help health is also expected to increase. Ginger is rich in minerals (such as potassium and magnesium) and antioxidants. Antioxidants have been shown to be effective in lowering blood cholesterol levels. Therefore, we would like to produce madeleines helpful for hypercholesterolemia by adding ginger syrup to madeleines recently consumed as desserts. In this study, the quality and characteristics were analyzed after making madeleine by adding ginger syrup at 0%, 5%, 10%, 15%, and 20%. Baking loss was significantly reduced as the addition amount increased (p<0.001). The pH value decreased as the addition amount increased except for the 5% added group (p<0.001). The b value of the chromaticity showed a significant increase from the 5% addition group (p<0.001). Regarding textures, hardness (p=0.006), gumminess (p=0.001), and chewiness (p=0.001) all decreased as the addition amount increased. Regarding antioxidant activity, polyphenol, DPPH, and ABTS values were significantly increased as addition amount increased (p<0.001). Consequently, Madeleine using ginger syrup rich in antioxidants is expected to help health.
In this study, the dietary fiber content of 33 kinds of agricultural products and seaweeds was compared with that of raw products after heat treatment. To verify the total dietary fiber analysis method, the recovery rate was reviewed by measuring the total dietary fiber content for 4 standard certified substances. As a result, the recovery rate of the analysis value for the true value was 98.8%~103.1%, which was judged to be reliable. The total dietary fiber of vegetables ranged between 0.61~5.36 g/100 g for raw vegetables and 0.55~4.84 g/100 g for heat-treated vegetables. Among the 24 kinds of vegetables used in the analanalysis, the total dietary fiber content of heat-treated Korean radish (3.13 g/100 g) was the highest compared to that of raw radish (0.61 g/100 g). The total dietary fiber of beans was between 13.86~29.69 g/100 g for raw beans and 6.72~18.40 g/100 g for heat-treated beans. In particular, the total dietary fiber content of sword beans was the highest in both raw (29.69 g/100 g) and boiled (18.40 g/100 g) beans. The total dietary fiber content of the three types of seaweed was 1.93~4.85 g/100 g in raw seaweed and 0.99~5.72 g/100 g in heat-treated seaweed.
To improve the shelf-life of Centella asiatica, Centella asiatica was treated with gel packs containing slow-released chlorine dioxide (ClO2) gas at 3-5 ppm for 20 days at 4℃. The weight loss rate, as well as the changes in pH, color, and texture of the treated samples, were investigated. The weight of the control and ClO2 gas-treated samples was decreased during the storage period. The change in weight of the control was slightly faster than that of the samples treated with 3 and 4 ppm ClO2 gas. The pH of the control and the ClO2 gas treated samples were decreased during the storage period and there was no significant difference between the control and ClO2 gas treated samples. Concerning color (lightness, redness, and yellowness) changes of Centella asiatica during the storage period, there was no significant difference between the control and ClO2 gas treated samples. The change in shear force in the leaf and stem of Centella asiatica during the storage period was slightly lower in the 4 ppm ClO2 gas treated samples (in the leaf) compared to the control and 3 and 4 ppm ClO2 gas treated samples (in the stem) compared to the control and 5 ppm ClO2 gas treated sample.
An increasing trend embracing the 2030 generation mindset through the new word ‘newtro’, which means reinterpreting the past and selling it in the present, has been gaining traction. The 2030 generation who seek new experiences and desserts is growing. The unique dessert market is expected to continue to grow in the future. Thus, this study devised a pine needle madeleine. Madeleines were made by varying the proportions of pine needle powder added to 0%, 1%, 3%, 5%, and 7%, and specific gravity, moisture, color, physical properties, and antioxidant properties were measured. The L-value decreased significantly (p<0.001) as the amount of pine needle powder added increased, and the a-value increased (p<0.001). The total polyphenol content, DPPH, and ABTS gradually increased significantly (p<0.001). Through this study, it was possible to confirm the quality and characteristics of madeleines using pine needle powder, which has excellent antioxidant properties, and it will become basic data for the development of various desserts using pine needle powder.
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the antioxidative activities of jeolpyun containing Cnidium officinale M extract (2%, 4%, 6%, 8%) by total polyphenol contents, electron donating ability on 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), scavenging ability of superoxide anion radical and decomposing ability of hydrogen peroxide. In chromaticity analysis, the brightness significantly decreased with increasing Cnidium officinale M extract content. Jeolpyun containing 8% Cnidium officinale M extract revealing the highest value for the redness and the yellowness, 1.07, 12.70, respectively. The total polyphenol contents of jeolpyun containing 8% Cnidium officinale M extract were the highest content of 4,213 μg gallic acid equivalent (GAE)/mL. The total polyphenol contents revealed significant difference (p<0.05). Jeolpyun containing 8% Cnidium officinale M extract revealing the highest electron donating ability (83.55%). The electron donating abilities were significantly related at p<0.05. The scavenging abilities of superoxide anion radical for jeolpyun containing 4% Cnidium officinale M extract revealed the highest ability (0.01676). There was no significant difference. The hydrogen peroxide decomposing ability for jeolpyun containing 8% Cnidium officinale M extract revealed the most hydrogen peroxide decomposing ability (－0.193) and the hydrogen peroxide decomposing ability revealed a significant difference (p<0.05).
The purpose of this study was to confirm the possibility of using Korean purple yam (Dioscorea alata) as proximate composition, material, and antioxidant activity. In the proximate composition of the freeze-dried purple yam powder, the carbohydrate content was the highest at 86.67%, and in minerals, potassium showed the highest content at 1,765.69 mg/100 g. To study the antioxidant activity of purple yam, distilled water and 70% ethanol were used as extraction solvents. The total polyphenol, total flavonoid, and total anthocyanin contents were 1.3~1.6 times higher in 70% ethanol extract, than in the distilled water extract. As a result of ORAC, DPPH and ABTS radical scavenging activity, SOD activity, and reducing power, the 70% ethanol extract showed higher antioxidant activity than the distilled water extract in all results. As a result of freeze-drying purple yam and measuring antioxidant activity by extraction solvents, it is concluded that purple yam can contribute to the food industry as a natural antioxidant and health functional material.
Antioxidant activities and α-glucosidase inhibitory activities of Taraxacum officinale solvent fractions were measured. Extraction yields (relative to raw material) of 50% ethanol, hexane, ethyl acetate, butanol, and water were found to be 10.29, 2.61, 5.54, 2.15, and 0.96%, respectively. Polyphenol and flavonoid contents were high in ethyl acetate extract of Taraxacum officinale at 56.88 mg gallic acid/g and 33.27 mg gallic acid/g, respectively. DPPH, hydroxyl radical scavenging activity, and SOD-like activity measurement (IC50%) of Taraxacum officinale 50% ethanol extract, hexane, butanol, ethyl acetate, and water fractions were 22.64, 18.65, 10.29, 20.81, 20.46 mg/mL, 24.68, 10.69, respectively. It was found to be 9.66, 15.81, 13.77 mg/mL, 32.84, 17.09, 12.73, 33.63, and 33.91 mg/mL, and was high in the ethyl acetate layer. Results showed that α-glucosidase inhibitory activities of Taraxacum officinale solvent fraction were 25.75, 15.93, 35.87, 15.96, and 2.88% for 50% ethanol extract, hexane, butanol, ethyl acetate, and water fractions, respectively.