For the effective utilization of apricot seed resources of food protein and lipid, the general composition, amino acid composition and chemical characteristics were analysed. The skinned and non-skinned apricot seed contained 53.9% and 48.0% of crude lipid, 24.7% and 26.8% of crude protein, respectively. There were no significant difference in the amino acid composition among skinned and non-skinned apricot seed. The major amino acids were glutamic acid, aspartic acid, alanine, tyrosine and threonine, holding 14.6 to 16.9%, 12.4 to 13.7%, 9.2 to 12.1%, 7.2 to 7.5% and 7.0 to 7.2% of total amino acid content, respectively. The sum of these amino acids occupied about 50% to total amino acids. While the quantities of methionine, histidine, and lysine were poor content. The essential amino acids occupied about 30% to total amino acids. The acid, iodine and saponification value of apricot seed oil were 0.7 to 7.1, 80.8 to 107.5 and 182.7 to 208.4, respectively. These values were significant difference in skinned and non-skinned apricot seed.
고려인삼중 홍삼의 산성다당체 성분이 암독소 호르몬-L의 지방분해 저해활성의 영향을 검토하고자 본 연구를 하였다. 지방분해 및 식욕억제 인자로 알려진 암독소 호르몬-L은 Sarcoma-180을 접종한 암 mouse의 복수중 액으로부터 부분 정제하여 사용하였다. 홍삼으로부터 정제하여 얻은 각 분획의 산성다당체 성분들이 in vitro에서 암독소 호르몬-L유도 지방분해를 10㎍/㎖ 반응농도 이상에서 억제작용이 있었고, 각 분획 중에서 반응농도가 50, 100, 200, 500 및 1, 000 ㎍/㎖일 때 억제율은 PG_4와 PG_4-3 성분이 가장 높았다. 그러나 인삼시료 g당 총저해활성 (unit)은 각 분획중에서 비흡착분획인 PG_1성분이 가장 높았고 다음이 흡착분획 중의 PG_4와 PG_4-3성분이 다음 순위였다.
This study was divised to observe the inhibitory effect of growth rate of human colon cancer cells by Eucommial leaf extract, in vitro. Three species of human colon cancer cells, HRT-18, HCT-48 and HT-29, were used for the experiment. Each extract of Ecommial leaf was prepared by extraction with water, 95% alcohol, acetone, chloroform and petroleum ether, and then the inhibitory effect of each extract on the growth rate of cells was compared with control group and each other. The expermental results obtained are summarized as follows ; 1. Inhibitory effects on growth rate of human colon cancer cells were strongest in the petroleum ether extract and next in the chloroform extract. 2. Inhibitory effects on the growth rate of the cancer cells by extracts of water, 95% alcohol and acetone were weaker than that of petroleum ether and chloroform. 3. Inhibitory effect of each extract on the cancer cell growth was shown most strong activity in HT-29, and was in order of HRT-18 and HCT-48. In view of the results, it could be suggested that inhibitory effects of non-polar solvent`s extracts against the cancer cell growth were more stronger than that of polar solvents and the effects were indicated defference according to the species of the cells.
Dansyl, bansyl, dabsyl chloride의 pyridine에 대한 친핵적 치환반응의 속도론적 연구를 0℃, methanol-acetonitrile의 혼합용매계에서 수행하였다. 같은 반응 조건에서 pyridine에 대한 기질들의 반응성은 dabsyl>dansyl>bansyl chloride의 순이었다. ρ_N와 β값이 각각 -2.29∼-4.66, 0.537∼0.901로 값이 컸으며, 이는 전이상태에서 결합형성이 비교적 진전됐음을 나타낸다. 분광용매화 상관관계에서 MeCN함량이 증가함에 따라 전이상태에서의 결합형성이 증가한 것으로부터 극성-편극성(π^*)이 수소결합주게능력(α)보다 더 크게 기여함을 알 수 있었다. 결론적으로 dansyl, bansyl, dabsyl chloride의 pyridine에 대한 반응은 associative S_N 2형 반응메카니즘으로 일어남을 알 수 있었다.
This research was attempted to investigate the sex bias in nutrition knowledge, food preference and food roles in the family. 152 couples living in Seoul, Cheonan in the 20s∼60s were selected for this research as subjects from October 1 to December 20, 1991. The data analysis was made by way of frequency, percentage, χ^2-test using SPSS package. The summarized results are as follows. 1. The survey on the sex bias in nutrition knowledge related heart disease on the subjects showed that there were no significant differences between men and women. But women had a relatively good nutrition knowledge than men. Especially women had a good nutrition knowledge that low sodium diet and exercise are efficient on preventing heart disease. 2. On the food preference, the subject showed significant difference between men and women. Men showed a relatively highest preference for protein food just as pork, fish, and tofu. Women showed a relatively highest preference for bread, fruit and vegetable. 3. On the food roles, the subjects showed that gender difference in household labor regarding food preparation still exit. Food-related activities are clearly still the domain of women in most families. Husbands and wives in younger families tended to think the husbands showed increase their efforts in food related activities.
우리 나라 논에서 분리된 Azospirillum 균주로부터 메가플라스미드를 확인한 결과 Azospirillum lipoferum AS192로부터 5개의 메가플라스미드를 확인했다. Azospirillum lipoferum AS192와 Azospirillum brasilense AS112의 메가플라스미드가 Rhizobium meliloti의 nod ABC와 유사성을 갖고 있다는 사실을 알았으며, 이 결과로부터 토양 미생물과 식물체 간의 관계의 초기 과정에 공통적인 기작이 존재한다고 추정할 수 있었다.
In an attempt of develop composite flours, D. aimadoimo of yams in Korea was investigated with respect to its physicochemical properties and sensory analysis with baking bread. The results are summerized as follows ; 1. Yam had 73.21% of water, 21.65% of carbohydrate, 3.3% of crude protein, 0.25% of fat, 1.60% ash and 20.3% of starch. 2. Sucrose was 78% of the total free sugars in yam flour. It was contained which 67% of total free amino acids were serine, arginine & alanine and 23.6% of total amino acids was glutamic acid. 3. As the yam flour level in amylogram patterns (8% dry basis) was increased, the initial pasting temperature was increased and the viscosity decreased. 4. Replacement of yam flour with 10% wheat flour was the best in sensory evaluation of the products.